An update from ADB TA 8652-IND: Climate Resilient Coastal Protection and Management Project
The Climate Resilient Coastal Protection and Management Project is funded by the Global Environment Facility. Our Consortium, led by FCG ANZDEC was contracted by the Asian Development Bank for provision of consulting services. The Executing Agency is the Ministry for Water Resources, River Development, and Ganga Rejuvenation through the Central Water Commission. The technical assistance is being implemented through three implementing agencies: Central Water and Power Research Station in Pune; Maharashtra Maritime Board in Maharashtra; and the Department of Public Works, Ports, and Inland Water Transport in Karnataka. The Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change provides coordination and participates in monitoring and evaluation of the technical assistance.
The technical assistance was designed to complement the ADB Loan 2679-IND: Sustainable Coastal Protection and Investment Management Program, which is funding coastal management measures in Karnataka and Maharashtra.
The technical assistance has the following components:
- Developing and facilitating endorsement of Climate Change Adaptation Guidelines for Coastal Protection and Management in India;
- Developing and disseminating climate change data;
- Supporting sustainability of coastal management in Karnataka and Maharashtra;
- Design and implementation of pilot community coastal protection subprojects with integrated climate change adaptation measures; and
- Capacity building of the government, civil organizations, and community in sustainable management of their coast.
The technical assistance also contributed by reviewing shoreline management plans in Karnataka and Maharashtra, and conducting a climate risk and vulnerability assessment of the Karnataka coastline.
A major deliverable is the guidelines for sustainable and climate resilient coastal protection and management practices in India, which has just been completed. The guidelines were developed over 24 months between 2015 – 2017. This has enabled stakeholders to voice opinions, make contributions, and consider the implications of the guidelines in practice in day-to-day activites. A key step was the engagement of a Panel of Experts to work with our team, to critically review the product at key stages of development, and to make suggestions for improvement.
Another major output is the development and dissemination of scientific climate change data. FCG ANZDEC contracted distinguished institutes in India to conduct studies: India Institute of Technology Delhi conducted a study of potential future storm surges; India Institute of Technology Bombay conducted a study of climate parameters; National Institute of Oceanography conducted a study of sea level rise and wave characteristics; and in addition, CLIMSystems of New Zealand have provided data on projections on sea level rise and land movement. The results of these studies are being disseminated via the information portal for water resources management information – India Water Resources Information System (India-WRIS).
This technical assistance facilitated the establishment of Dune Care Groups, whose members are trained in management of nurseries for beach nourishment. The concept of involving the community in building and maintaining the dunes through the Dune Care Groups, which is practiced in other parts of the world, is a novel attempt in India.
During the technical assistance, the team has conducted capacity building interventions to: improve the ability of institutions to utilize the climate change adaptation guidelines, and to enable the community to be involvement in managing their coastlines.
This technical assistance triggered a discussion on the need for conservation and rebuilding of beaches and dunes in the country, it being a common coastal protection strategy in most countries. The involvement of community in the development and maintenance of such projects started getting more attention.